Body remnevidnye, a length of about 8 cm At the mouth 3-4 pairs of whiskers. The fins are rounded, the caudal fin is not cut. Two species are unicolored, the others have transverse dark stripes; very similar to each other. Females can be distinguished by the full abdomen, in which the greenish caviar is translucent.
Contain acanthophthalmus can only be in a densely planted aquarium with soft, slightly acidic water. Temperature 24-28 °C. Acanthophthalmus most of the day hiding in the bushes or under a stone, but in the evening and at night they are looking for at the bottom of the pipefish, small bloodworms and other food. Reproduce until only after hormonal injections. Before spawning, males and females are divided into two weeks and fed with live feed. Water is softened and replaced with fresh, with the addition of a decoction of peat or the drug ToruMin. The water temperature is raised.
Acanthophthalmus Kuhli Cuvier et Valenciennes, 1846)
Habitat-South of Malacca Peninsula, Kalimantan, Sumatra, Java. Length up to 8 cm. Three pairs of whiskers. The anal fin begins slightly behind the dorsal fin. Across the yellowish or orange body-dark brown or black broad stripes. In the nominative species of these bands 15-20, in acanthophthalmus Sumatran (Acanthophthalmus kuhli sumatranus Fraser-Brunner, 1940) only 12-15. Abdomen light.
Acanthophthalmus myersi Harry, 1949)
The habitat is Thailand. Length 8 cm. According to V. Clausewitz and A. Myers, it’s just a subspecies of Acanthophthalmus Kul. On the body 10-14 dark swathe of, so broad, that between them remain only the bright lines. The bases of the dorsal and caudal fins are black.
Acanthophthalmus paleobotany (Acanthophthalmus semicinetus Fraser-Brunner, 1940)
The habitat is the Malacca Peninsula. Length up to 8 cm from the previous species differs only in that it has 12-16 dark brown or black transverse bands, tapering to the abdomen and reaching only slightly below the middle of the body. The individual bands is interrupted at the back light spots. For spawning, a couple or a female with several males are planted. During spawning fish rise to the surface and, intertwining bodies, squeeze out the eggs and milk. Caviar is well adapted to development in swampy, oxygen-poor water. It is small, but soon swells, increasing the area of the caviar shell through which oxygen penetrates. The specific gravity of the caviar is not much different from the specific gravity of water, and the caviar under the slightest current of water floats into the thickness. Development lasts about a day. Fry in the first days are fed rotifer and other micro-feeds.