For antitrust typically the lack of bony plates on the snout and abdomen, brush hook on its Gill cover. Males on the snout have branched outgrowths of soft tissues, females have no more than one row of small unbranched outgrowths.
The conditions of detention are the same as for the whole family. The temperature is 24-28 °C. in an aquarium with plants usually contain several young ancitruses, which help to clear the leaves of algae. Old fish do it less carefully. Fascinated, the young antitrus sometimes damaged, collapsed tube, the leaves of rosette plants. With driftwood in the aquarium antitrus softened scraped off the top layer of wood. And although they can not digest cellulose, such additives stimulate the work of the intestine.
Males are territorial antitrust. In an aquarium less than 50 cm long, they start fights among themselves, chase each other. They eat all kinds of aquarium food. For dry forages rise up, turn over upwards a mouth and collect them from a surface. Turning over, also attached to the feeder with worms. Spawning is stimulated by frequent additions of fresh water. Feed the fish at this time strenuously. After spawning games, which begin in the evening, the male drives the female into a shelter-a ceramic pipe, a flower pot or a hollow snag, where she lays up to 200 orange-yellow eggs. After spawning, the male drives the female away and lies down on the clutch. It is necessary to make sure that the other inhabitants of the aquarium do not interfere with the male. It can even be gently transferred to a separate aquarium, closing the tube on both sides with your hands. Males go out at night to eat.
Fry hatching after 4 to 5 days. On the 10th day the fry leave the shelter and begin to eat small food.
Water during spawning and rearing of juveniles should be clean, because loricariidae sensitive to the presence in water of micro-organisms and protein substances. After a month the fry are eating vegetarian food. Sexual maturity occurs at the age of 1 year.
He dolgopoly (Ancitrus dolichopterus Kner, 1854)
Eastern Brazil. Length – up to 10 cm Color bluish-black, without spots. The tips of the caudal fin are white. The dorsal fin has 8-9 branched rays.
My star (Ancitrus leucostictus (Gunther, 1864))
From Guyana to Peru. Length – up to 15 cm in the dorsal fin 7 branched rays. The body and fins are black with small white dots. In adult fish, the dots are slightly bluish. On light ground across the body appear wide irregular stripes. On the dorsal and caudal fins milky white edging.
He spotted (Ancitrus spec.)
Peru. Length – up to 15 cm. the most common in the aquarium ancitrus-close to Ancitrus cirrhosus and Ancitrus temminckii. From the previous species differs in color and seven branched rays in the dorsal fin. The dark olive-brown body and fins are dotted with yellowish dots and specks. On the caudal stem the spots are oblong, on the head smaller, especially in males. On light ground color b