Болезни аквариумных рыб
Getting into unfavorable conditions or receiving substandard food, aquarium fish can be subjected to various diseases. Diseases are divided into infectious and non-infectious. In turn, infectious diseases are infectious and invasive. Infectious diseases are caused by viruses, bacteria (microorganisms of plant origin) and fungi. Invasive arise as a result of invasion-attacks on the body of fish parasites of animal origin-pathogenic infusoria, worms (helminths) and some small crustaceans. The most common infectious diseases include: infectious Aeromonas (rubella) carp, pseudo-mannose (fin rot), ringworm (a saprolegnioza), plistoforoz (neon disease) , the ICH, oodinium, hilodonellez, Gyrodactylus, dactylogyrus; invasive — Argeles defeat the Hydra, a planaria. Non-infectious diseases: inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, asphyxia (oxygen starvation), gas embolism, cold, trauma, poisoning.
When signs of fish disease appear, it is necessary to correctly determine the type of disease, which at home is usually carried out by visual means, and, immediately, begin treatment. If it is possible to apply to a veterinary laboratory, the diagnosis will be made more reliably. In recent years, the method of treatment of aquarium fish has become more effective in contrast to the past, when in most cases, diseased fish were removed from the aquarium and placed for treatment in a separate vessel, and then returned back to the aquarium. Often the returned fish would get sick again. This is due to the fact that pathogens of parasitic diseases infect not only fish, but also the entire aquarium as a biological complex, in which along with parasites that have invaded the bodies of fish, there are also free-living individuals of these parasites (cysts).
The latter are able to stay for a long time in the pond at rest and at the onset of favorable conditions to turn into many new parasites. Therefore, it is advisable to fight infection that has appeared in the aquarium, treat the entire aquarium, leaving all the contents in it. To do this, use specially prepared therapeutic solutions of the appropriate drugs, which are dissolved in distilled or cooled boiled water in a clean glass vessel with a capacity of not less than 0.5 liters. only freshly prepared solution is Used. Contribute his in aquarium Scotlands, for better mixing — over sprayer. In the practice of the treatment of aquarium fish in a separate vessel is not excluded. Such a need arises under the emergence of new clearly sick fish, and also under other circumstances.