How often and correctly to wash the aquarium
The main responsibility for the health of fish in the aquarium is water. It is their habitat, and its quality can significantly affect the life of any living creatures in an artificial pond. In a properly organized large aquarium, the natural formation of flora is possible, which will be capable of self-healing. But the smaller the aquarium, the lower the chance of forming a natural ecosystem in it. Therefore, every aquarist should always be aware of the rules of cleaning the aquarium. And since any washing of the aquarium is a strong stress for its inhabitants, then fast and accurate its conduct is possible only with careful advance preparation.
The cleaning of the aquarium before starting
Water in the aquarium
There are many differences between the General washing of the aquarium, its weekly cleaning and the preparation of a new aquarium for work. A new aquarium is better to wash with soda or rinse with hot water in the bathroom. Other means, even chemical, are also suitable, but they will be more difficult to wash off without a trace, and it will be necessary to do it necessarily. At the same time, the soil in the form of sand and gravel and decorative elements are washed with hot water, boiling water or soap solution. A large and bulky aquarium is refreshed right at the installation site with a hose, chemistry can not be used, since it will not be able to completely wash it off.
The sequence of actions when washing the aquarium
Full washing is carried out as pollution of the aquarium. Depending on its volume and flora, this need can vary from 1 time per month to 1 time in 5 years. It includes the steps of:
Drain the old water with a hose.
Temporary placement of fish in a container with defended water.
Algae are washed under a stream of cold water, damaged leaves are removed.
Decorative elements are washed under hot water or boiled without the use of chemicals.
The aquarium is washed with chemistry several times.
Glasses are cleaned mechanically with a long-handled brush, magnetic brush or a new kitchen sponge.
With all aquarium utensils scraped growths.
The aquarium itself is subjected to heat treatment and well dried for the next 24 hours.
Soil and algae are placed in a clean empty aquarium.
Filling occurs with a thin stream of new prepared water.
Lighting and heating equipment is installed.
Fish are launched in warm, otstoyannuyu until 2 weeks water.
The unforeseen need for washing the aquarium arises because of infection in it, which is expressed by the death of fish. In these cases, the entire inventory must be boiled, and the equipment also needs complete disinfection:
kill bacteria potassium permanganate( potassium permanganate), chloramine, hydrochloric and sulfuric acids, formalin and bleach;
fungi are removed with a solution-1 kg of washing powder per 60 liters of water.
Scheduled weekly care of the aquarium includes washing equipment, cleaning the walls of the aquarium, soil siphon. Wipe the inside of the lamp and the lid of the aquarium enough once a month.
The flora of a large aquarium is less sensitive to non-compliance with the rules of water renewal or rare sinks than the flora of a small one. But there are factors that accelerate the growth of algae in all situations. This over-feeding of fish, relocation of the aquarium, too weak or strong lighting. Fish-algae-living assistants in cleaning the aquarium. But if they or the use of antiseptic tablets do not cope with algae in the form of mucus, villi or moss, this is another reason to restart the aquarium.