G. Meinken (1972) proposed to divide the genus into 4 new genera-Barbus (species with two pairs of well-developed maxillary mustache, scales soft), Barbodes (two pairs of maxillary antennae, scales large), Saroea (one pair of maxillary mustache), Puntius (no mustache). However, this division does not reflect the actual situation, because it does not take into account the more significant features of the skeleton structure, and the number of whiskers is different in fish of the same species. Therefore, the species described below are assigned to the single genus b.
Barbs — are very active schooling fish that need large tanks full of plants and free swimming. At irregular and incomplete feeding along with live forages can eat gentle parts of plants. The content is suitable for soft or medium hard water, usually fresh. Temperature 20-26 °C.
For breeding, choose an aquarium of medium capacity, without soil and with a bunch of small-leaved plants. The bottom is closed with a grid. Fresh water should be 2-3 °C warmer than in the aquarium. The couple is separated for a few days before spawning. After spawning, fish are planted, water is replaced in the spawning ground. You can add a new blue label. The larvae of most common species hatch after 1.5-2 days, and on the 4-5 th day the fry already feed on micro-feeds.
Barbus the scarlet
The origin of this breed is unknown. Judging by the structure of the body and coloring it is assumed that most likely the scarlet Barbus is a color variety of Barbus Ticto. Widespread in the aquarium, these fish were in Odessa, for which they are called Odessa Barbus. The body length is up to 7 cm. the Back is brownish, the abdomen is silvery. Dark spots on the bases of the scales form a mesh pattern on the sides. The fins are transparent. Dorsal and anal fins with black markings. Females and young males have a large black spot behind the head and on the caudal stem. In sexually Mature males, a very spectacular bright scarlet stripe appears along the entire body, entering the caudal fin.
Unpretentious appearance. Spawning in soft water at 25-26 °C.
The cherry barb (Barbus titteya (Deraniyagala, 1929))
Sri Lanka, in shady waters. Length-up to 5 cm. One pair of whiskers. The body is elongated, slightly compressed laterally. The back is brown, the abdomen is silvery, reddish. Along the body runs a black stripe. Above it is a broad Golden band with a blue and green gloss on the caudal stem. The fins are blackish-reddish. Females are paler colored, with yellowish fins.
Shy, prefer shade and shelter from plants. Temperature at the content of 24-26 °C, spawning at 25-26 °C. Productivity – up to 250 eggs.
The green barb (Barbus semifasciolatus Gunther, 1868)
Southeast China, Vietnam. Body length up to 7 cm. One pair of whiskers. The body is relatively high. The back is brownish, the sides are Golden green or olive green with a strong brass sheen. There are a few black transverse strokes on the flanks, and an indistinct dark spot at the base of the caudal fin. The abdomen is whitish or orange. The Golden form was bred by American aquarist Schubert and named in his honor by Barbus Schubert. It has a carrot-colored body with black strokes and bright red fins. Barbus green is mobile, but timid. Hiding in the undergrowth at the bottom. The Temperature Of 22-24 °C. Capacity-up to 600 eggs.
The fiery barb (barbus conchonius Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822)
The fiery barb
North India, Bengal, Assam. Length – up to 14 cm Mustache no. The body is tall, with a strong metallic luster. The back is olive-green, the sides and abdomen are silvery, reddish. During spawning, the red color of the males reaches the greatest saturation. There is a dark spot on the caudal stem. Fins pink, the tip of the dorsal black. In the aquarium of fire b. contain since the beginning of the century. During this time, Golden and veiled breeds were bred. Unpretentious and viable species, can decorate any common aquarium with peaceful fish.
Barbus oligolepis (B1eek), 1853))
Sumatra. Body relatively high, until 5 centimeters in length. One, rarely two pairs of moustaches. The sides are silvery with greenish, the back-with a bluish pearl luster. At the base of the scales are large dark spots forming oblique rows on the body. The fins are opaque, red with black edging. During spawning, the front part of the male body is purple, the back is velvety-green, the luster of the scales increases.
Barbus oligolepis feel good in aquariums, in which the sun looks in the morning. Spawning at a temperature of 25-28 °C; productivity – up to 200 eggs.
Barbus striatus (Barbus lineatus Duncker, 1904)
Barbus striped (Panda)
The Malay Peninsula. Length up to 12 cm Mustache no. The yellowish or brownish-silvery body has a faint violet sheen. Along the sides are 4-6 blue-black stripes. The dorsal and anal fins are yellowish or pinkish, the other fins are colorless.
Very mobile and unpretentious. Breed easily, limitava up to 500 eggs.
Barbus Rhodesia (Barbus Bariloides Boulenger, 1914)
Barbus of Rhodesia
South Africa, Zambia, Shaba province, Zambezi river. The body is narrow, up to 5 cm long. Two pairs of whiskers. The fins are yellowish, with a bright red spot in the middle of the dorsal fin. The body is orange or rusty, with black vertical strokes on the sides.
Moving bottom-dwelling fish. Frightened of the light gravel at the bottom. Temperature at the content of 23-25 °C.
Barbus Sumatran (Barbus tetrazona (Bleeker, 1855))
Barbus of Sumatran
Sumatra, Kalimantan. Body high, – until 7 see Moustache there is no. The coloration is pinkish-Golden with four black bands that pass through the eye, before and after the dorsal fin and on the caudal stem. The dorsal fin is black with bright red edging. The ventral fins are also red, the rest reddish.
Females are colored almost as brightly as males, differ only by a full belly. For time content in an aquarium from Sumatran barbusa derived albinos, Voile breed, and also breed, have which body almost fully velvety-black with mild greenish luster of. Breed Sumatran Barbus better in soft water, pH-6.5. At one time, the female sweeps up to 1000 eggs. Fish ripen to 7-9 months.
Barbus filamentosum (Cuvier et Valenciennes, 1844))
The herd part of the Indian subcontinent, Sri Lanka. The body length of the male is up to 15 cm, females are smaller. Mustache there is no or one couple very short. Young fish up to 4 cm long, yellowish, with three broad black stripes across the body. As it grows, the first band in front of the dorsal fin disappears. The dorsal fin is red on the lobes of the caudal fin appears out of the bright red stain. Adults are greenish-silvery, with an iridescent sheen. The back is olive. The fins are yellowish. In the male, the dorsal fin rays are elongated, protruding in braids beyond the membranes. Maintenance and breeding are simple, but, given the relatively large size of the fish, Barbus filamentosum need to be kept in spacious aquariums. Productivity – up to 500 eggs.
Black Barbus (Barbus nigrofasciatus Gunther, 1868)
It lives in forest rivers of southern Sri Lanka. Body very high, length-until 5 see Moustache there is no. The head is pointed. The active male is painted extremely beautifully. The head and front of the body are cherry red. The body is crossed by three velvety-black broad, almost merging strips with separate greenish inclusions. The caudal and pectoral fins are colorless, the rest coal-black. Females and inactive males in the pack do not have such saturation of red color, yellowish.