Salt as a treatment for aquarium fish
Many inexperienced owners of ornamental aquariums believe that traditional methods of combating various diseases and parasites are not effective enough and in some cases even harmful. However, this is not the case — for example, many fungal and infectious diseases can be cured with ordinary table salt. But it is worth understanding that it is unnecessary to “salt the aquarium” how much in vain, since there are certain proportions and rules for the use of salt baths for fish, without causing them harm.
Short description of the method
Salt is actually a universal method of combating various diseases, because most parasites and bacteria can not withstand high levels of salt concentration in water. Also, salt solutions are used for poisoning fish with nitrites.
The use of salt baths or salting water in the aquarium will help to cure your aquarium fish from the following diseases:
Treatment of fish with salt
The cause of these diseases are various ectoparasites, except saprolegniosis, since it is a fungal disease. Various aquarium chemistry will help you cope with almost all these diseases, but as a first aid or even as the main method of treatment, salt baths are perfect.
The main symptoms of the disease in fish:
fish scratched on the rocks and plants;
on the body visible mucus white color of;
the fins of the fish are sculpted;
fish were most often located near the aerator or on the surface of the water.
This should take into account that not all species of fish are able to migrate the procedures we are talking about pterygoplichthys and other “prisony” kgs. Also, salt baths, with a salt concentration above 1.5%, do not like young labyrinth fish, Sumatran Barbus and other varieties. In addition, it is not recommended to add salt to the water in the General aquarium, in which there are living plants.
When treating fish with salt baths, it is recommended to use potassium permanganate, as well as to increase the temperature in the aquarium for a short time, depending on the type of disease.
Method of application of table salt
Treatment of fish with salt
For this method of treatment, it is best to use edible rock salt, in no case iodized or ordinary salt for the aquarium, since they have other chemical properties.
Applying this method, it should be understood that the accuracy of the salt concentration in the solution is very important. The maximum allowable concentration is 4-5%, but not every fish can withstand such salt water. Therefore, basically do 1-2% salt solutions-of course, they are not as effective as 5%, but the combination of them with potassium permanganate will help to cure fish from harmful parasites for 2-3 procedures.
Basically, this method is used in the following cases:
buying new fish, its disinfection;
prevention of parasites and fungi;
As the decontamination of newly purchased or deposited in the quarantine of fish is recommended to use the following proportion: 1-2 teaspoons per 100 gallons of water. However, it should take into account the characteristics of fish in relation to salt water. Basically, this method is suitable for all species of American tetras and some viviparous fish. At the same time, high-quality aquarium compressors should be used in the aquarium, which will saturate the water with oxygen.
As for the treatment of fish with salt, it is mainly recommended to use salt baths. To do this, use two baths, the first with a 2% solution of salt, the second with a weaker solution (4-5 g/l). At the same time, moderate aeration is used in both baths. First, the fish is placed in the first solution for 8-10 minutes, then it is transplanted into a softer solution for two minutes, and then back into the jigger. This procedure should be performed at least 2-3 times, at intervals once a day.
If, during the procedures, the fish begins to jump out of the bath, behave strangely or lie on the surface sideways, then it should be immediately transplanted back into the jigger.