How to choose aquarium fish
At first glance, aquarium fish — an ideal choice for those who do not want to burden themselves with unnecessary worries about Pets. All you need is to buy an aquarium, fill it with water, decor and periodically pour fish food. But it’s not so easy if you are just starting a career as an aquarist. If you want the fish to live happily ever after, delighting the beauty of you and your loved ones, before installing the first aquarium can not do without the “young fighter course”. After all, it is important not only the size of the fish habitat, hardness, temperature and pH of the water, filters and other equipment, but also what kind of fish will settle there and how they will interact with each other.
How to choose aquarium fish
What not to do when choosing fish
Few people can easily resist the temptation to buy all the “brighter and more” – that is, the most beautiful fish, which falls on the eye when you hit the pet store. But there are a number of pitfalls. First, the fish grow. And colorful baby, bought by you “for extras”, may well after a while vymahat in 15, and even 20-centimeter giant, which will run into the walls of the aquarium and eat other fish. So take the time and learn at least a few species of fish as much as possible before going to the store: the good thing, now we have unlimited access to information.
If you are still drawn to big fish, consider the following rule. By default, each fish, which in the adult state reaches about 3 cm, should have a liter of water in the aquarium. And if the fish is 10 cm-about 5 liters. Based on this, estimate the possibilities of your aquarium. After all, as a rule, aquarists-beginners start with vessels of no more than 20 liters.
Important is how you are going to decorate your aquarium. If in any way (in it there will be only water, the compressor and the thermometer), the estimated number of fishes needs to be reduced. If the aquarium does not have soil, plants, snags on the bottom and other attributes of the natural fish environment, the fish will not be able to create a habitat. They will be bored, and as entertainment may begin showdown with relatives. And fry, in the absence of aquarium plants, there will be nowhere to hide, escaping, including from their own parents, who may well eat them.
What else can not be done when settling the aquarium:
Combine fish that prefer different temperature conditions: warm and cold – loving. For natural reasons, in one aquarium for all of them it is impossible to create harmonious living conditions.
Plant together large and small fish-someone someone necessarily eat. And no harm-even non-predatory large species may take small fellows some food.
Buy fish hybrids, which differ in an unusual shape or color. As a result of breeding, such fish tend to have a weak immune system, deformed skeleton and other “amenities” that make caring for them troublesome even for an experienced fish specialist (and even more so for a beginner).
Buy predatory fish — for example, piranhas. Well, then do not be surprised by the disappearance of all the other fish in the aquarium.
Your first fish: ideal candidates
Although this advice is banal, but it is better to start breeding aquarium fish with common and unpretentious breeds. Such can be:
guppies (purebred or not);
These are just some options: you can pick up others. In the future, if the life of the inhabitants of your aquarium is safe and devoid of tragedies, you can gradually dilute the population with other species. Since small guppies are viviparous, the population will replenish itself. The basic principle for a novice aquarist is to make taking care of fish a pleasure for yourself, not a heavy burden. Therefore, it is better to start this whole epic with simple solutions, complicating them over time — and then, only if this activity will please you at all.